Human evolution has not stopped as extra arteries are being found

Scientists have detected anatomical changes in modern humans that suggest we may still be evolving. In a study published in the Journal of Anatomyresearchers found that there has been an increase in the prevalence of the "median artery" in humans since the late 19th century.

The median artery is a blood vessel that develops in growing human fetuses but usually begins to disappear around the eighth week of gestation. Normally, the median artery—located in the forearm—is replaced by the radial and ulnar arteries. But in some people the median artery persists into adulthood, alongside the other two—and this anatomical feature is becoming more common over time, the authors of the study said.

In their study, Lucas and her colleagues dissected 78 upper limbs taken from the cadavers of Australians aged between 51 and at the time of death. They found that 26 of these limbs contained median arteries—a prevalence rate of around 33 percent. The researchers then analyzed the relevant literature, finding that the prevalence of the median artery globally has significantly increased over time from approximately 10 percent in people born in the mids to around 30 percent by the end of the 20th century.

Based on current trends, the authors predict that people born in 80 years time will virtually all have median arteries that persist into adulthood. They say that when the prevalence of this feature reaches 50 percent of more, it should no longer be considered a "variant" but a "normal" human structure. The scientists say their results provide evidence of "microevolutionary changes" in the internal anatomy of the human body. But it is not yet clear whether the trend is being caused by mutations in genes responsible for the development of the median artery and natural selection pressures or health problems experienced by mothers during pregnancy—or both.

While having a median artery is associated with some health issues—such as carpal tunnel syndrome and thrombosis—the authors also say it could be advantageous in other circumstances because it can act as an "emergency" blood vessel if the radial or ulnar arteries are damaged.

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The scientists say that the prevalence of some other anatomical features have also increased or decreased over the last two or three centuries, with evidence suggesting that natural selection pressures are responsible for these microevolutionary processes in modern humans. For example, scientists have detected an increased absence of wisdom teeth over time, while it is becoming more common for people to be born with extra joints in their feet.HUMAN evolution is showing no signs of slowing down as more and more people are being found with additional arteries in their forearms.

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Read full article: Human evolution has NOT stopped as extra New research suggests humans are evolving "at a faster rate than at any point in the past years" after scientists discovered an increase in the prevalence [ Detectives are investigating the grisly find after a beachgoer spotted the rotting remain washed up on a popular beach in Bali.

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Read full article: Mystery over 'unexplained death' after h A member of the public made the grim discovery in a field off Egg Hill Lane in Frankley, north Worcestershire this morning. Police officers have since sealed o [ Nicola Urquhart had feared t [ TWO bin bags full of human bones found in a river may have been dumped just hours before they were found, it emerged today.Shorter faces, extra leg and foot bones and a new artery in the forearm are also signs our bodies are changing.

Australian scientists say the human race is now experiencing a "microevolution" where changes happen over a shorter period of time. Lead author of the study, Dr Teghan Lucas, said: "A lot of people thought humans have stopped evolving.

human evolution has not stopped as extra arteries are being found

The Australian team found an artery in the forearm, that used to disappear after birth, has become increasingly prevalent since the 19th century. Dr Lucas said: "This evolutionary trend will continue in those born 80 years from today, with the median artery common in humans as a result of natural selection.

On the other hand, wisdom teeth are disappearing - while people are sprouting more joints in the feet. The findings reported in the Journal of Anatomy show our species continues to develop in unique ways. Those born later are more likely to retain it than those born earlier on. It is the main vessel that supplies blood to the hand when first formed in the mother's womb.

Dr Lucas said: "Since the 18th century, anatomists have been studying the prevalence of this artery in adults and our study shows it is clearly increasing. The researchers investigated the rate of retainment in each generation by analysing published records and dissecting cadavers from individuals born in the 20th century. Senior author Professor Maciej Henneberg said: "This is 'micro evolution' in modern humans.

Other examples of human anatomy changing over time include the increasing absence of wisdom teeth. Dr Lucas said: "As our faces are getting alot shorter there is not as much room for teeth because of smaller jaws. Alot of people are just being born without wisdom teeth. The study also identified more cases of spina bifida occulta - an opening of the sacral canal which is the bone at the base of the spine.

Dr Lucas added: "We are also finding alot of people have extra joints in the feet - abnormal connections between two or more bones.

human evolution has not stopped as extra arteries are being found

None of these things can harm you. At the start of the millennium, the widely held belief human evolution halted before the reign of the pharoahs.

But recent research has suggested genetic change has occurred times quicker in the past 5, years than any other period.

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Sign in. All Football. Jon Lockett. Most read in Science.Even two million years after the first Homo ancestors made their mark on the evolutionary chain, the human body is adapting to its environment.

This Weird Anatomical Feature Shows Humans Are Still Evolving

Since the 19th century, scientists have been observing an increasing number of people who have developed an additional artery in their forearm — the so-called median artery. And although this evolutionary quirk is not quite akin to developing superpowers, scientists have suggested it could be a testament to the powers of evolution.

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A team of investigators at Flinders University and the University of Adelaide in Australia have analysed the phenomenon and presented their findings in the Journal of Anatomy. According to the paper, the researchers found a total of 26 median arteries among 78 arms belonging to Australians aged 51 and These people died between the years andand the discovery suggests a prevalence rate of about The median artery is one of the main vessels carrying blood from to the forearm and the hand when a fetus develops in the wound.

The around the eight week of gestation, the median artery gives way to the radial and ulnar arteries. And the scientists behind the study believe this trend will continue in people born 80 years from now, with the third artery becoming a much more frequent sight.

According to Dr Teghan Lucas from Flinders University, the study shows humans are now evolving than at any point in the past years. And there could be health benefits to having a third artery in the forearm, according to Professor Maciej Henneberg at the University of Adelaide.

The artery may help increase the overall blood supply or could serve as a backup artery during surgery in other parts of the body. More and more people are noticing a lack of wisdom teeth, which according to some studies, may be the product of the body needing more room to accommodate larger brains.

Source: Read Full Article. Human evolution has NOT stopped as extra arteries are being found in the forearm — study.

human evolution has not stopped as extra arteries are being found

October 10, You may also like:. Asteroid hurtling towards earth might be a piece of rocket trash. This could be the beginning of the second wave. End of the world? We and our partners use cookies on this site to improve our service, perform analytics, personalize advertising, measure advertising performance, and remember website preferences.Shorter faces, extra bones in feet and legs and an artery in the forearm are among a slew of anatomical differences recorded in modern humans.

Australian scientists say humans are experiencing a microevolution, where evolutionary changes take place over a short period of time, after reaching a "relaxed state" of natural selection. Experts say increased knowledge of modern medicines has helped create a "considerably favourable" environment for evolution to advance. But our study shows we are still evolving - faster than at any point in the past years. Researchers claim there is evidence to show humans now have more bones in their feet, while wisdom teeth are becoming obsolete.

Most people are usually born with four wisdom teeth, also known as third molars, that grow at the back of gums until they push through upon reaching adolescence, although in some cases they will arrive later.

Anthropologists believe they provided a helpful tool to early humans who used them to eat tough or uncooked foods. Dr Lucas added: "As our faces are getting a lot shorter there is not as much room for teeth because of smaller jaws. A lot of people are just being born without wisdom teeth. Experts say they have witnessed an increase of people born with a small bone at the back of the knee, called the fabella, and extra joints in their feet to form abnormal connections between two or more bones.

There are also more cases of spina bifida occulta - an opening of the sacral canal, which is the bone at the base of the spine. Scientists also pointed to an artery, found in the human forearm, to highlight evolutionary changes.

The blood vessel previously disappeared after birth but had now become increasingly prevalent in modern humans. The artery, which is the main vessel supplying blood to the hand, used to vanish once neighbouring arteries had grown but now as many as one in three retain it throughout their lives. It poses no health risk - and even offers benefits by boosting blood supply.

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It can also be used as a replacement in surgical procedures in other parts of the body. The researchers say they managed to investigate the rate of retainment in successive generations through examining records and dissecting cadavers from individuals born in the 20th century. Dr Lucas said: "Since the 18th century, anatomists have been studying the prevalence of this artery in adults and our study shows it is clearly increasing.

She added: "This increase could have resulted from mutations of genes involved in median artery development or health problems in mothers during pregnancy, or both actually. If this trend continues, a majority of people will have a median artery of the forearm by We urge you to turn off your ad blocker for The Telegraph website so that you can continue to access our quality content in the future.

Visit our adblocking instructions page. Are you among the highly evolved with no wisdom teeth? Tell us in the comments section below. Related Topics.

Humans are evolving an extra artery in the arm

Comment speech bubble. We've noticed you're adblocking. We rely on advertising to help fund our award-winning journalism. Thank you for your support.By Stacy Liberatore For Dailymail. A new study suggests humans are still evolving and 'at a faster rate than at any point in the past years'. Scientists found an increase prevalence of an artery in the forearm, which typically disappears around eight weeks after birth, since the late 19th century.

Called the median artery, as the structure begins to disappear, two other arteries form in its place — but there has been an increase of cases with all three. The prevalence began around the s in 10 percent of the population, but by the 20th century, the cases increased to 30 percent.

Human evolution has NOT stopped as extra arteries are being found in the forearm – study

The team found this vessel is currently present in 35 percent of people and theorizes those born 80 years from now will carry a median artery. Scientists found an increase prevalence of an artery in the forearm, which typically disappears at birth, since the late 19th century. Called the median artery, as the structure begins to disappear, two other arteries form in its place, the radial and ulnar arteries — but there has been an increase of cases with all three.

The discovery was made by experts at Flinders University and the University of Adelaide. The median artery is an important vessel in the embryogenic circulation, bringing blood through the forearm and hand. Following birth, the artery recedes and is replaced by the radial and the ulnar arteries.

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Dr Teghan Lucas at Flinders University, said: 'Since the 18th century, anatomists have been studying the prevalence of this artery in adults and our study shows it's clearly increasing. The team suggests the presence of the median artery benefits because it increases overall blood supply and can be used as a replacement in surgical procedures in other parts of the human body.

Senior author Professor Maciej Henneberg, of the University of Adelaide, said: 'the median artery is a perfect example of how we are still evolving because people born more recently have a higher prevalence of this artery when compared to humans from previous generations. The median artery is not the only indicator that humans are still evolving, as there are cases of individuals born without wisdom teeth.

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The teams says this is a result of human faces becoming smaller, which has less room for these teeth. The study also identified more cases of spina bifida occulta - an opening of the sacral canal which is the bone at the base of the spine.

Dr Lucas added: 'We are also finding a lot of people have extra joints in the feet - abnormal connections between two or more bones. None of these things can harm you. At the start of the millennium, the widely held belief human evolution halted before the reign of the pharaohs.

But recent research has suggested genetic change has occurred times quicker in the past 5, years than any other period. The team is not the first to dive into the median artery, experts have been investigating these cases for years. InResearchers from Tata Institute in India found multiple cases specifically in left arms during dissections of human adults. They theorize that the presence of the artery may eventually cause an individual to develop carpal tunnel syndrome.

However, it can be considered as an 'emergency vessel' for supplying blood to the hand in the event the radial and ulnar arteries are damaged. New research suggests key evolutionary changes in our brain shape occurredyears ago.

Stock image. Researchers at Germany's Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology discovered that key evolutionary changes in our brain shape occurred roughlyto 35, years ago. The Homo sapiens brain took on a globe-like shape that's 'rounder and less overhanging'. By contrast, our Neanderthal ancestors' brains had a more elongated shape. The evolution of our brain shape coincided with major developments in behavior, as Homo sapiens began to:.

The brain began to look more like a globe as a result of bulging in the parietal area and the cerebellum. The views expressed in the contents above are those of our users and do not necessarily reflect the views of MailOnline. Remains of a 1,year-old pagan temple used to worship Old Norse gods like Thor and Oden through animal sacrifices is the first to be discovered in Norway. Argos AO. Share this article Share.Frequently Asked Questions About Evolution. Humans did not evolve from monkeys.

Humans are more closely related to modern apes than to monkeys, but we didn't evolve from apes, either. Humans share a common ancestor with modern African apes, like gorillas and chimpanzees. Scientists believe this common ancestor existed 5 to 8 million years ago.

Shortly thereafter, the species diverged into two separate lineages. One of these lineages ultimately evolved into gorillas and chimps, and the other evolved into early human ancestors called hominids.

Learn More Human Evolution. Since the earliest hominid species diverged from the ancestor we share with modern African apes, 5 to 8 million years ago, there have been at least a dozen different species of these humanlike creatures.

Many of these hominid species are close relatives, but not human ancestors. Most went extinct without giving rise to other species. Some of the extinct hominids known today, however, are almost certainly direct ancestors of Homo sapiens. While the total number of species that existed and the relationships among them is still unknown, the picture becomes clearer as new fossils are found. Humans evolved through the same biological processes that govern the evolution of all life on Earth.

See "What is evolution? Learn More Origins of Humankind. A society's culture consists of its accumulated learned behavior.

Human culture is based at least partly on social living and language, although the ability of a species to invent and use language and engage in complex social behaviors has a biological basis. Some scientists hypothesize that language developed as a means of establishing lasting social relationships. Even a form of communication as casual as gossip provides an ingenious social tool: Suddenly, we become aware of crucial information that we never would have known otherwise. We know who needs a favor; who's available; who's already taken; and who's looking for someone -- information that, from an evolutionary perspective, can mean the difference between failure and success.

So, it is certainly possible that evolutionary forces have influenced the development of human capacities for social interaction and the development of culture. While scientists tend to agree about the general role of evolution in culture, there is still great disagreement about its specific contributions. There is great debate about how we are related to Neanderthals, close hominid relatives who coexisted with our species from more thanyears ago to about 28, years ago.


Human evolution has not stopped as extra arteries are being found